Tag Archives | Salt Lake City

Ten 1852 Missionaries: P1

Ten 1852 Missionaries and their Backgrounds

The clerk called 107 names to serve serve missions at the August 28, 1852 special conference in Salt Lake City.  I created a database with their names, where they were called, date of birth, where they were born, date of death, and facts that caught my eye.

As I get confirmations for these elders, I will add it to the post.  Please feel free to add information and primary documentation as you have it.

Daniel Spencer.  Mission: Europe-England.  DOB: 1794.  Age in 1852: 58.  From: Massachusetts.  DOD: 1868.  Last mayor of Nauvoo.

Charles A Harper .  Mission: Europe-England.  DOB: 1817.  Age in 1852: 35. From: Pennsylvania.  DOD: 1900.  Grew up Quaker.

John Van Cott.  Mission: Europe-England.  DOB: 1814.  Age in 1852: 38. From: New York?? (need to verify).  DOD: 1903.  Cousin of Parley P Pratt.

David Grant.  Mission: Europe-England.  DOB: 1816.  Age in 1852: 36.  From: Scotland.  DOD: 1868.  Wife died trying to reach Utah.

Edward Martin.  Mission: Europe-England.  DOB: 1818.  Age in 1852: 34.  From: England.  DOD: 1882.  Led the Martin Handcart Company.

John S Fulmer.  Mission: Europe-England.  DOB: 1807.  Age in 1852: 45.  From: Pennsylvania.  DOD: 1883.  Inclined as a Baptist in his youth, with the Prophet Joseph Smith in Carthage Jail.

John Oakley.  Mission: Europe-England.  DOB: 1819.  Age in 1852: 33.  From: New York.  DOD: ??.  Wife would divorce him upon his return.

William Clayton. Mission: Europe-England.  DOB: 1814.  Age in 1852: 38.  From: England.  DOD: 1879.  Penned the words to “Come Come Ye Saints” (popular Mormon pioneer song).

William Pitt.  Mission: Europe-England.  DOB: 1814.  Age in 1852: 39.  From: England.  DOD: 1873.  Directed the Nauvoo brass band.

Thomas W Treat.  Mission: Europe-England.  DOB: 1811.  Age in 1852: 41.  From: New York.  DOD: 1860.  Grew up Quaker.

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The Walk to the Tabernacle

A walk that changed Elam Luddington’s life took at least 13:22 minutes.  Elam walked to the Tabernacle for October conference 1852 as a City Marshall, Assessor, and Collector.  He walked back home with a mission call to Siam.

How did we get 13:22 minutes?

In the Church Archives in Salt Lake City, Utah I found the 1852 census in Brigham Young’s office records.  Elam is listed in the 12th ward in 1852.  Next we used this map of 1885 Salt Lake City to determine where the twelfth ward was located.  (Although the map is of 1885 Salt Lake City, the wards maintained the same boundaries of 1852 Salt Lake City.)

Salt Lake City wards in 1852

Salt Lake City wards in 1852

Then Jared Allebest and I went for a walk with a stop watch on a smart phone.

Elam's Ward Trees.2Jared Allebest, a deaf lawyer located in Salt Lake City, used his legal mind and propensity for picking up visual cues to help me scope out Elam Luddington’s 12th ward location.  He suggested walking from the closest corner (northwest) of Elam’s city ward to the site of the first Tabernacle building.

For a picture of what the old Tabernacle looked like see this earlier post: Special Conference III: Called without Warning.

At a leisurely pace we arrived at the Assembly Hall, the location of the old Tabernacle in 13:22 minutes.
Here is a tree from the northern edge of Elam Luddington’s ward.  My next project is to consult an environmental historian to see if that particular kind of tree grew in the area in 1852.

Source: Brigham Young’s Office Files, 1852 Census, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Church History Library.
Source:  1885 Salt Lake City Ward Map, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Church History Library.
Photo (Assembly Hall): Photo by Audrey Bastian of Assembly Hall, Temple Square, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Photo (Tree): Photo by Audrey Bastian on South Temple, Salt Lake City, Utah.


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Special Conference III: Called without Warning

S pecial Conference: Salt Lake City, Utah, USA August 28-29, 1852

On August 28, 1852 Brigham Young, a carpenter, blacksmith and president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints called 98 men without previous warning to serve missions throughout the world. India, Siam, China, as well as England, Ireland, Wales, France, Germany, Capital of Prussia, Norway, Gibralter, Nova Scotia, West Indies, British Guiana, Texas, New Orleans, St. Louis, Iowa, Washington City, Australia, and the Sandwich Islands.

In October ten more men were called. Among them, our missionary to Siam, Elam Luddington.

[The figure 108 comes from articles I read, however, looking at the primary source that I have, the minutes of the October conference, it seems to give a less specific number.  Does anyone know where the 108 number comes from?  From my understanding there are 98 called in the August conference which would mean 10 more in the October conference.]

[Update 8/29/2013: I found the discrepancy.  The primary source reads, “The clerk read 98 names of individuals who had been proposed to foreign missions.”  Then after the conference was adjourned they reconvened at 2pm.  Then it reads, “The following elders were then appointed to their several missions:”.  107 names are then listed with their mission locations.  Why the discrepancy?  The number 108 may come from an additional elder called not on the list.  Perhaps that person was Harlow Redfield who is mentioned in General Epistle #7 but not in the list from the conference.]

The elders met in the “Tabernacle”
The Mormons did not meet in the Tabernacle currently in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. A gabled roof, or A-line, building made of adobe was completed right as their April 1852 conference concluded.

What does “tabernacle” mean? The word tabernacle comes from the Hebrew scriptures and is used to denote the tent or dwelling place of deity. Later the Israelites built the Temple in Jerusalem to replace their tabernacle.

What did the Mormons use the Tabernacle for? Brigham Young directed Truman O. Angell to design a structure to house large audiences for conferences.

Related Post: The newspaper announcing the conference Special Missionary Conference II: Getting the Word Out

Source: Deseret News, –Extra. Great Salt Lake City, U.T., September 14, 1852. pg 10. Digitized by the Internet Archive. “Minutes of conference a special conference of the Elders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, assembled in the…” Accessed at: http://archive.org/stream/minutesofconfere04unse#page/n1/mode/2up on 3/9/2013.
Source: Grow, Stewart L. “Buildings on the Temple Block Preceding the Tabernacle” in The Tabernacle: “An Old and Wonderful Friend,” ed. Scott C. Esplin (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2007), 107-136. Accessed at: http://rsc.byu.edu/archived/tabernacle-old-and-wonderful-friend/thesis/3-buildings-temple-block-preceding-tabernacle on 6 March 2013.
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Special Missionary Conference II: Getting the Word Out

Church conferences were normally held in April and October.  This Special Missionary Conference  came a little early, August 28-29, 1852.  Another conference occurred in October as well with more missionaries called.  On Saturday, August 21, 1852 the Deseret News, the only newspaper in Salt Lake City at the time, published this announcement:

Special Conference of the elders of Israel, to commence, Saturday 28 Aug. 10 a.m. at the Tabernacle.  All elders, within reach, read and attend.

The original typesetter included the italics for the words read and attend in the quote.

The paper also included calls for several of the quorums, or groups of men, to report to their leaders.  The first and quickest Mormons crossing the plains in 1852 already just arrived.  Many more were now still out on the plains or crossing the mountains on their way to Great Salt Lake City, as they called it then.  The population would half again in 1852.

Source: Deseret News vol 2, Saturday, Aug 21, 1852 No. 21 Pg 3
Source: Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel Database http://history.lds.org/overlandtravels/home?lang=eng
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